Professor Francois Venter, MBCCH, MMED, FCP, DTM&H, Dip HIV Man is Deputy Executive Director, Wits Reproductive Health Institute and lecturer, Department of Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. An honorary consultant at Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, he is the previous president, Southern African HIV Clinicians Society (SAHCS). Professor Venter has expertise in HIV programme implementation, including antiretroviral therapy (ART), opportunistic infection prophylaxis, human resource allocation, data systems, and service integration, having led large PEPFAR-funded HIV programmes. With extensive training experience and supervision of local and international Masters and PhD students, he is a moderator for regional Diplomas in HIV Medicine and Sexual Health and HIV for the Southern African Colleges of Medicine. He leads multiple ART optimisation studies, has an active interest in public sector access to HIV services, medical ethics, and human rights. Providing input to South African and regional HIV guidelines for over a decade, he advises the South African government, (SAHCS), and WHO. He serves on numerous guidelines/policy committees and working groups on drug resistance, opportunistic infections, pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis, and drug regimens. Contributing regularly to papers and discussions about human rights and medical ethics, he has been involved in several human rights cases related to HIV within the Southern African region.