Nelson Sewankambo MBChB, MSc, M.MED, FRCP, LLD (HC) is a Professor Emeritus and a former Dean of Makerere Medical School, Uganda and a past Principal Makerere University College of Health Sciences. He facilitated the establishment of many collaborations between Makerere University and institutions in both high and low or middle-income countries. He was a member of the research team that for the first time identified and documented the existence of HIV in Uganda in early 80’s (Lancet, 1985). He is one of the founders of the internationally reknown Rakai Health Sciences Program (RHSP), initially known as the Rakai Project which has a longitudinal population Rakai HIV Community Cohort Services (RCCS) for the last 35 years. RHSP has generated research evidence used in global (WHO), regional and national HIV prevention and management policies. He is one of the founders of the world famous 20-year old Infectious Diseases Institute (IDI) at Makerere University. IDI has very strong HIV prevention, research, management and care programmes for the last 20 years. He was a founder and is a scientific adviser (20+ years) of the Makerere-University Walter Reed Research Institute (MUWRP) and a founding member and Board Chair of the Makerere Joint AIDS Program (MJAP) in Uganda. He has focused on epidemiological and interventional HIV/AIDS research and also contributed to building indigenous research capacity to conduct quality research relevant to the country, region and globally.